Home Remedies for Treating Symptoms of Adenomyosis
How to Treating Symptoms of Adenomyosis
Before we understand Adenomyosis, let us understand what a healthy female reproductive system is. The female reproductive system of a woman consists of a muscular organ known as the uterus (commonly referred to as the womb). Uterus bears the responsibility of development of embryo and fetus. It is incredibly strong because of the distinctive tissue layers which make up its wall.
The uterus has 3 layers known as Endometrium (innermost layer, has highly vascular connective tissue, it supports embryo and fetus during pregnancy), myometrium (contains layers of visceral muscle tissue, it allows expansion and contraction of the uterus during pregnancy and childbirth respectively), Perimetrium (covers the outer surface of uterus). The barrier between Endometrium and myometrium is known as the junctional zone.
When this barrier is broken because of certain trauma or stress, tissues of Endometrium grow outwards through the incision. Adenomyosis is a medical condition that is characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue in the myometrium. Subsequently, the thickness of the myometrium increases forming a mass. This displaced tissue follows the normal menstrual cycle – thickening, breaking down and bleeding during each cycle. This can result in the enlarged uterus and painful and heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle.
Although the cause of Adenomyosis is still unknown, it can affect any age group and is more prevalent in women between the ages of 35 years to 50 years.
Symptoms of Adenomyosis
Patients with Adenomyosis presents various symptoms like – painful and profuse menstrual bleeding, which results in anemia, fatigue, and dizziness due to blood loss during the menstrual cycle, painful cramps, pressure on the bladder, chronic pain in the pelvic region, and pain during sexual intercourse.
Bleeding between periods, enlarged and tender uterus, at times one may also feel pain while having bowel movements.
About 30% -33% of females may be asymptomatic while others may experience severe symptoms. Clinical signs may include, uterine enlargement causing pelvic fullness, tender uterus, infertility.
The precise cause of Adenomyosis is unknown. Few associate it with certain trauma to the uterus such as – cesarean section and surgical termination of pregnancy
Direct invasion of the cells of Endometrium into the muscles of the uterine wall may result in Adenomyosis. Uterine incisions during the cesarean section promote direct invasion of endometrial cells into the uterus wall.
Hormonal factors such as elevated levels of prolactin and estrogen may increase the risk of Adenomyosis.
Complications associated with Adenomyosis
Prolonged heavy bleeding may develop into chronic anemia which may cause fatigue. Excessive bleeding also contributes to disruption of routine lifestyle
Diagnosis of Adenomyosis can be confirmed with the help of signs and symptoms, further confirmation can be done with the help of pelvic examination which presents an enlarged and tender uterus. Ultrasound imaging and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) help in detecting the presence of Adenomyosis.
Usually, Adenomyosis gets naturally treated after menopause, treatment depends on the age and severity of the signs and symptoms. Treatment options may include anti-inflammatory drugs, hormone medications, and in severe pain, your doctor may recommend a hysterectomy. To ease pelvic pain and cramping during menstrual cycle-related Adenomyosis you can adopt certain lifestyle and home remedies.
Home Remedies for Treating Symptoms of Adenomyosis
It is important to treat Adenomyosis because it not only affects the daily routine activity of patient but heavy bleeding may also lead to weakness and anemia. Home remedies cannot replace the medical management, they should be used along with the prescribed treatment plan.
Hot water packs
Soak in a warm bath, warm water packs can be applied to the affected area. A heating pad or hot water bottle helps in relaxing the cramping muscles in the pelvic area. This helps in reducing pain and provides immediate relief.
Massaging the pelvic area with the help of oil helps in menstrual pain. Castor oil is recognized as safe and effective, it is also used to reduce inflammation. It can be directly applied on the affected skin area with the help of a cotton ball, you can leave it for an hour and then wash it off.
Ginger is an ancient species used worldwide because of its numerous health benefits, it strengthens the immune system, eliminate inflammation, relieves pain during menstrual periods, it also facilitates digestion. It can be consumed in the form of ginger tea. A hot cup of ginger tea immediately provides relief from the pain associated with Adenomyosis.
Turmeric is loaded with antiseptic and antioxidant agents. Curcumin present in turmeric acts as an excellent anti-inflammatory agent. It helps in decreasing the swelling of the uterus. Turmeric also prevents further enlargement of the Adenomyosis.
It is observed that pain associated with cramps may decrease by reducing the consumption of red meat, dairy product, gluten-rich food, processed food, and sugar.
Regular light exercises and rest helps in releasing endorphins which are associated with less pain.
It is important to keep in mind that if you suffer from prolonged heavy bleeding which may or may not be accompanied by cramping, you immediately seek medical advice.