Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases is a term that is used to refer to the diseases that can be passed from one person to another through the sexual contact. An individual can contract STD after having unprotected vaginal anal or oral sex. STD is also termed as venereal diseases. Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Symptoms Of STD In Female

The symptoms of STD in a female may not be noticeable. However, if the symptoms are noticeable they include:

  • Pain or discomfort while passing urine or having sex
  • Rashes or bumps around anus, vagina thighs and mouth
  • Unusual discharge from vagina
  • Itchiness around on the vagina
  • Bleeding from vagina

Symptoms Of STD In A Male

The symptoms of STD in men include:

  • Discomfort or pain during urination and sex
  • Bumps rashes or salts around penis, and his testicles thighs mouth or buttocks.
  • Bleeding from the penis
  • Unusual discharge from penis
  • Swollen or painful testicles

Types Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The most common STDs includes:

#1. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is common in Americans. It is a bacterial infection. The noticeable symptoms of chalmydia includes discomfort and pain during urination or sex, pain in the lower abdomen and yellow green discharge from vagina or penis. If left untreated chalmydia may lead to pelvic inflammatory diseases, infection of prostate gland urethra or testicles and infertility. 

#2. Human Papillomavirus

Human papillomavirus can be passed from one individual to another through sexual contact as well as intimate skin-to-skin contact. The most common symptom of human papillomavirus infection is warts on mouth, genitals or throat. Some of the strains of human papillomavirus infection can also cause cervical, oral, vulvar, rectal and penile cancer. Human papillomavirus cause about 70% of cervical cancer cases. Most of the HPV infection clears on its own. If you contract HPV infection, proper testing and screening at times may help the doctor to assess and manage the complications.

#3. Syphilis

Syphilis is bacterial infection that may go unnoticed in early stages. The first symptom of syphilis is a small round sore that develops around the anus, genital or mouth. It is painless but very infectious. The other symptoms include rash, fatigue, fever, joint pain, weight loss and hair loss. If left untreated in later stages this disease may lead to loss of vision, loss of memory, loss of hearing, heart diseases, infection of spinal cord on and brain and mental illness.

#4. HIV 

HIV is a sexually transmitted disease that can damage the immune system and increase the risk of contracting other bacterial or viral infections and certain cancers. HIV lead to AIDS. Early stages of HIV are just like other flu with symptoms such as fever, chills, aches, headache, nausea and rashes. These symptoms take around a month or so to clear. After the acute symptoms subside, a person may live a normal life without developing any series symptom for years. Some people may also develop non-specific symptoms such as fever, recurrent fatigue, stomachache and headache. There is no cure of HIV but treatments are available to manage it and prevent the disease from transmitting totheir sexual partner.

What is HIV? Symptoms and Early Signs Of HIV

#5. Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a common bacterial sexually transmitted disease. Most of the people suffering from it develops no symptoms. In some people, the symptoms of Gonorrhoea may include white or green coloured discharge from vagina or penis, discomfort and pain during urination or after sex, frequent urination, sore throat and itching around the genitals. If left untreated it leads to infertility pelvic inflammatory diseases infection of testicles of prostate gland.  

#6. Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is caused due to protozoa that is transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. The symptoms of trichomoniasis, includes discharge from penis or vagina, burning or itching from penis or vagina, discomfort and pain during sex or urination and frequent urination. One of the marked symptom of trichomonas in female is unpleasant fishy odour. If left untreated it may lead to infertility infection in urethra and pelvic inflammatory diseases.

Other common STDs include chancroid, granuloma inguinale, scabies and molluscum contagiosum.

If you are suffering from sexually transmitted diseases consult your doctor. The only way to prevent sexually transmitted disease is to practice safe sex.Talk honestly to your doctor to learn the safe methods to practice sex and discuss it with your partner to prevent the risk of STD.

Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta
Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta:  Professionally a homeopathic doctor and a dietician Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta is passionate about writing health and parenting blogs. She believes in holistic approach towards health and well being.