Treatment and Prevention Of Vulvar Skin Disorders In Females

As a female advances in age the production of female reproductive hormone oestrogen declines. The low level of oestrogen dries the skin of vulva leading to irritation, itching, discomfort and vulvar skin disorders. Treatment and Prevention Of Vulvar Skin Disorders In Females

Lack of moisture in vaginal area in females cause a variety of vulvar skin disorders that if not treated gets worse. In our article, we will discuss the treatment of vulvar skin disorders.

Common Vulvar Skin Disorders

#1. Lichen Simplex Chronicus

This condition leads to the thickening of vulva skin and intense itch scratch cycle. This condition is triggered by use of chemical substances such as lotions, soaps, laundry product and environmental factors such as sweating and heat.

#2. Infections Vulvovaginitis

This condition leads to the swelling redness and itching in vulvar area. Sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes simplex virus, Gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and HPV can act as contributing factors. Common Vulvar Skin Disorders

#3. Lichen Sclerosus

It is a chronic inflammatory skin condition common in postmenopausal females. In about 30% of the affected females, this condition is associated with autoimmune disease.

#4. Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia

The typical symptoms of this condition is present with a redness and itchiness. Initial complaints may also include bleeding, ulceration and pain.

#5. Contact Dermatitis

It is a vulva skin inflammation that is caused by allergy to substances or irritants that leads to redness, itchiness and swelling.

#6. Hidradenitis Suppurativa

This chronic disease is caused due to sweat gland producing skin and leads to

Lesions. These lesions leads to fistulas, abscess and scaring.

# 7. Other inflammatory skin conditions

such psoriasis also affects the skin of vulvar area.

What are the sign and symptoms of skin disorders

The most common complaint associated with vulvar skin disorder is itching. Other accompanying symptoms include: vaginal infections

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Discoloration or redness
  • Ulcers and lesions
  • Vaginal Discharge

What Is TheTreatment Of Vulvar Skin Disorders

The treatment of vulvar skin disorders is decided depending upon the underlying cause. If it is due to infection, it is managed by treating the causative agent with the use of antibiotics antiviral and antifungal medications. Chronic and irritating conditions are managed by removing the offending agents and discontinuing lotion soaps and fabric detergent. In some cases, healthcare provider also prescribes corticosteroids and immunosuppressant. Vulvar neoplasia treatment often includes surgical interventions. Pelvic floor exercises and cognitive behavioural therapies are also considered if required. What Is TheTreatment Of Vulvar Skin Disorders

What Are The Home Remedies To Treat Vulva Skin Conditions?

Below are the few tips to soothe vulvar skin conditions:

For the female suffering from vulvar pain exercises, yoga and stress reduction techniques helps. Avoid exercises that applies direct pressure to vulva such as horseback riding or cycling.

To lessen the pain try Epsom salt or oatmeal bath. To relieve the burning sensation apply ice pack to vulva a few times in a day. Wear comfortable clothing preferably cotton underwear and avoid constructive clothing. Apply water-based lubricant to the vaginal skin before any sexual activity. Better, avoid alcohol containing lubricants. Home Remedies To Treat Vulva Skin Conditions

How To Prevent Vulvar Skin Disorders?

To prevent vulvar skin disorders the first step is to follow appropriate hygiene to reduce discomfort and irritation. Avoid wearing pantyhose and tight underclothes. Always wear cotton underclothes and loose fitting pants and skirts. Remove your wet suits and exercise clothing as soon as possible. Avoid using any kind of shampoo or soap. Do not douche or use bubble bath. Use only lukewarm water to wash the outer part of vagina. Urinate before your bladder is full. Urinate before and after sex. Add fibre to your diet to avoid constipation. Always use cotton menstrual pads. Clean your underclothes only with dermatologically approved detergents. Avoid using scented toilet papers.

By following vaginal hygiene and preventive measures, you can avoid vulvar skin disorders largely. Also, make sure to visit your gynaecologist annually especially if you are experiencing discomfort in vaginal area.


Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta
Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta:  Professionally a homeopathic doctor and a dietician Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta is passionate about writing health and parenting blogs. She believes in holistic approach towards health and well being.