Common Monsoon Related Diseases: Symptoms and PreventionBy Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta on September 22, 2017
Monsoon Related Diseases
Rainy season is perfect for the growth and reproduction of disease-causing microorganisms. It is their peak breeding season. These microorganisms are causative agents of various diseases. It is very important to have the knowledge of common monsoon-related diseases to prevent and acknowledge their symptoms.
Here is the list of common monsoon related diseases along with their symptoms and preventive measures:
1.Common Cold and Flu
The change in weather weakens our body immune system. This makes us, especially our kids vulnerable to the common cold and flu. The symptoms of the common cold and flu includes running of the nose, sneezing, coughing, fever and general weakness.
To prevent the common cold and flu, avoid drenching in the rain for long. Keep yourself dry, Maintain hygiene and keep your house and surroundings clean.
This is very common and usually goes by itself in a week. Try to keep yourself hydrated, drink warm soup and take proper rest. In the case of high fever do consult your doctor.
Also known as seasonal fever. It is characterized by following symptoms such as increased body temperature, pain in the body, weakness and the fever that lasts for 5 days to a week and is severe for first 3 days.
Take proper rest. Take paracetamol to bring the temperature down. Bathing with lukewarm water may also help to relieve the symptoms. Drink soups and eat fruits and light foods such as daliya, rice and toast.
This is caused due to contaminated food and water, lack of hygiene, and improper sanitation. The symptoms of typhoid are, fever that may be high, headache, diarrhea that may be severe, chills, pain in the abdomen, skin rashes and muscle aches.
If you suspect your kids or other family members suffering from typhoid, do consult your doctor immediately.
to prevent typhoid avoid eating or drinking outside, especially street foods. Maintain proper hygiene and sanitation.
It is a vector born disease that spreads by the bite of infected female mosquitoes.The symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, illness is like the flu, the sensation of cold with shivering, headache and vomiting. In the case of children seizures may occur. Fever is followed by sweating and body temperature return to the normal along with tiredness..
If you suspect malaria, please immediately see a doctor because malaria, if not treated in time, may get complicated and may be life threatening.
Try to get rid of stagnant water to reduce the population of malaria-transmitting mosquitoes. Use mosquito repellents and mosquito nets. Do change the water of water coolers frequently. Do not throw coconut shells and old tires and other utensils in open that may hold water.
Again dengue is a mosquito-transmitted disease. The symptoms of dengue are fever that usually reaches 104 F to 105 F, body aches, skin rashes, severe Joint and muscle pain that may cause difficulty in walking and headache. Children may also complaint of pain in the stomach. In severe cases, serious bleeding and shock may happen.
See a doctor if you notice above symptoms.
To prevent dengue taking measures to prevent mosquito bite by using mosquito repellants and mosquito nets. Try to get rid of stagnant water bodies. Maintain proper sanitation.
This a mosquito-transmitted disease. Symptoms are very similar to dengue. The symptoms of Chikungunya includes ever-lasting for 2days to 5 days. It is followed by joint pain in the extremities. Pain may persist even after years of infection.
Take necessary measures to prevent mosquito bite and to reduce their population.
6. Stomach Infection
It may be due to bacterial, viral or parasitic infection. It is usually transmitted by contaminated food or water.
Symptoms are diarrhea that may be severe, pain in stomach, weakness, nausea and vomiting and body aches.
In this condition it is very important to keep your body hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids, water. Give your child ORS, Eat banana, white rice, toast and apples. In case of symptoms of dehydration such as dry lips, increased thirst, no urinating in 12 hours, take the patient to the hospital.
Avoid eating outside and maintain proper hygiene and sanitation.
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