Acne: Causes, Best Topical Treatment, Based on your Skin Type
How to Reduce Acne
Acne is a common problem which is affecting almost all teenagers because of the changes in the hormones in the teenagers during puberty and sometimes it also affects most of the adults due to improper diet and imbalance of nutrients which is required for normal functioning of the body.
Causes of acne:-
p.acnes bacteria gets trapped in the pore causing the pore to purge and it multiplies. This bacteria lives naturally on the skin but in case of acne like condition these bacteria overgrow and infect the follicle. This causes inflammation of the hair follicle and pus-filled bumps on the skin.
Oil and dead skin cells:-
If there is more oil on the skin it leads to breakouts. If the dead skin is not removed from the surface of the skin it will get trapped in the pores which causes breakouts.
Treatment for acne:-
Many treatment options are available in the market for treating acne-like pimples. Whiteheads, blackheads, and pustules but this cream might be effective for some and ineffective for some other individual for that reason people need to know which chemicals affect your skin type. Here in this article, I will be sharing the best topical treatment which is best suited for your skin type and the type of acne.
Clindamycin and Erythromycin cream:-
These two antibiotics clindamycin and erythromycin are highly effective in treating mild to moderate acne. These creams act by inhibiting the production of bacteria on the surface of the skin but this cream needs to be used for days to months even if the symptoms resolve during the first week of usage. It should be used 2-3 times a day because frequent usage can cause drying and irritation of the skin which can cause an allergic reaction. It is good for oily acne-prone skin.
Do not go out in the sun after application of the cream. A variety of creams with this antibiotic composition is Erytop, Eryacne and Clindac A.
These creams help in treating acne by unclogging the pores and removing the dead skin cells from the body. It helps in treating cystic acne by reducing cyst size because it has vitamin A derivative. It can be used in combination with another topical cream as it enhances the activity of other medicated creams.
Don’t worry if your skin peels in during first use because it is acting on your skin by removing dead skin layer. It is good for oily to dry skinned people. If the retinoid cream is not available you can substitute it with benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid creams.
Glycolic acid creams:-
Glycolic acid creams are good for treating acne as well as acne scars by deeply penetrating into the epidermis of the skin. Glycolic acid is AHA(alpha-hydroxy acids) derivative which is effective in treating wrinkles, acne, dark spots, and acne scars. This cream acts by exfoliating the dead skin layer of the epidermis while clearing skin which is free of all skin problems.
It can be used on people who have old acne scars as well as new acne bumps. It is available in the market as Glyco 6, Glyco-A, Glyaha lotion, Decroma-6.
Clearasil Ultra Rapid Action Pimple Clearing Cream:-
This cream is formulated in such a way that it clears away big zit within four hours after its first application. It is also ideal for everyone including sensitive skinned beauties. It helps in healing big bumps which appear suddenly in the morning. It has new breakthrough technology which helps in clearing pimple within the short duration of time.
Salicylic acid is gold old friend for all those teens suffering from acne. It is found in almost all the pimple clearing products and can be found as an active ingredient in face wash and gels. It is a beta-hydroxy acid aka BHA can be used to spot treat the zit or used all over the face as it helps in dissolving excess oil and gently exfoliating dead skin cells.
This is a prescription based ingredient and prescribed alone or in combination with adapalene. Dapsone is antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory and hence used in the treatment of blackheads, whiteheads and deep cystic acne.